About Surah: Al-Fil
This is a Makki Surah and is named Al-Fil, the elephant since it narrates the incident of Abraha who came riding on his elephant from Yemen with his army to desecrate the Ka’bah.
The Quraysh were incapable of fending off his attack and were defenseless in front of his mighty army. Allaah (SWT) sent flights of birds with stones in their beaks that the birds dropped on the Abraha and his men, which burnt them and they died as a result. In this way, Allaah (SWT) protected the Kabah from harm or humiliation.
The Prophet ﷺ was born in the year that this incident took place.